Historical Places to visit in Dehradun-The state capital of devbhoomi Uttarakhand, Dehradun has been long-serving as a gateway to the Himalayas.
Dehradun is the best place to arrive in Uttarakhand before you commence your Himalayan odyssey.
The city is well connected with other states like Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, U.P and has an airport, which connects it to the entire country.
Before you visit other places in Uttarakhand, I believe Dehradun deserves an itinerary of its own.
The city has great tourist attractions, which could very well be grouped into historical, natural, and spiritual tourist attractions.
For people that have a keen interest in history, Dehradun has several historical places that might not be known to many and are a must-visit while you are in Dehradun.
Forest Research Institute (F.R.I)
FRI is the biggest forest based training institute in India and is world-renowned for research and developments in the field of scientific forestry.
Established in 1906, the Forest Research Institute of Dehradun attracts scholars as well as tourists alike.
The institute was earlier named Imperial Forest Research Institute in 1906 and was situated near the Bindal Bridge.
The present campus, was established in the year 1923, and covers a vast area (450 hectares), and has a perfect background, view of Mussoorie in the backdrop.
The campus itself is a treat to the eyes and is a National Heritage site.
The beautifully designed buildings have state-of-the-art facilities for conducting forestry research, at par with the best of its kind anywhere in the world.
Commonly known as the F.R.I, the campus’s main attraction for the tourist is the architecture and the campus itself, and has a Botanical Museum as well, which is open for visitors from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Interestingly, the main building and the campus is so beautiful that it has appeared in many mainstream Bollywood movies such as Krishna Cottage, Rehnaa Hai Tere Dil Mei, Paan Singh Tomar, Student of the year 1 & 2, and Dilli Khabar.
Why visit F.R.I Dehradun?
- Beautiful Campus with lush green grass and peaceful surroundings.
- The architectural marvel that is the F.R.I building.
- Great place to relax and click some pictures in Dehradun.
Location of Forest Research Institute Dehradun?
F.R.I is situated at a distance of 6 km from the clock tower, the city center of Dehradun. It lies on National Highway 7, (Dehradun-Chakrata Road), 2 km away from the Ballupur Chowk.
- The nearest Bus Station to the F.R.I is the ISBT Dehradun, at a distance of 8.2 km.
- The nearest Railway station to the F.R.I is the Dehradun Railway Station, at a distance of about 6 km.
- The nearest Airport to the F.R.I is the Jollygrant airport, at a distance of 32.5 km.
For more info, visit the Official Website of F.R.I
Guru Ram Rai Darbar Sahib Gurudwara- Jhanda Mela
An interesting fact about Dehradun is that it was established by Shri Guru Ram Rai, the eldest son of Shri Har Rai, the seventh Sikh Guru.
Shri Guru Ram Rai arrived in Dehradun in the 17th century and set up his camp here. It is because of this that the city got its name.
Dehra means ‘Dera’, meaning camp, and Doon means ‘Valley’.
To celebrate his arrival, each year, a grand fair is held, called the Jhanda Mela, where a humongous Flag is hoisted by the devotes each year.
The Jhanda Mela commences on the fifth day after Holi, commemorating the arrival of Shri Guru Ram Rai.
Devotees from all around the country arrive here and take part in the flag hoisting ceremony, which is a sight to behold.
Why visit Darbar Sahib?
- Beautiful gurudwara and great architecture.
- The historical importance of the place as the birthplace of Dehradun.
- Witness the joy of the Jhanda Mela.
Location of Jhanda Sahib Dehradun?
Jhanda Sahib is located near the Saharanpur Chowk in Jhada Mohalla. You can reach there by hailing public transport like city buses and three-wheelers, which are easily available.
- The nearest Bus Station to the Jhanda Sahib gurudwara is the ISBT Dehradun, at a distance of 5 km.
- The nearest Railway station to the Jhanda Sahib gurudwara is the Dehradun Railway Station, at a distance of less than 1 Km.
- The nearest Airport to the Jhanda Sahib gurudwara is the Jollygrant airport, at a distance of 27.4 Km.
Khalanga War Memorial
The Khalanga War Memorial is situated at a distance of about 10 km from Ghanta Ghar, the city center of Dehradun.
Going through the History of Dehradun, one realizes that the city has had several rulers, one of which was the Kingdom of Nepal.
The city was under the rule of the Nepalese from 1803 to 1816. The reign was cut short after the Battle of Nalapani with the East India Company in 1814.
The Khalanga War Memorial is a tribute to the undying spirit of the Gorkhali soldiers, 600 of whom in 1814, led by BalBhadra Kunwar were able to hold the Khalanga Fort for about a month, greatly outnumbered, up against around 5000 British troops.
The British were unable to defeat them with traditional warfare and had to cut the water supply to the fort, to force the Nepali soldiers out of the fort.
The Memorial is protected by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Why visit Khalanga War Memorial?
- Pay tribute to martyrs.
- Great Panoramic Views from the Monument.
- The monument is created by the British in honor of the Gorkhas, which is a unique event in modern warfare history.
Location of the Khalanga War Memorial
The Khalanga War Memorial can only be reached by a personal vehicle or on foot. It is at a distance of about 6 km from the Nalapani Chowk on the Sahatradhara road.
The road traverses through dense forests and scenic views, finally reaching the top of the small hill, which offers a panoramic view of the Doon Valley from a point of view not seen by many.
- The nearest Bus Station to the Khalanga War Memorial is the ISBT Dehradun, at a distance of 17 km.
- The nearest Railway station to the Khalanga War Memorial is the Dehradun Railway Station, at a distance of about 11 Km.
- The nearest Airport to the Khalanga War Memorial is the Jollygrant airport, at a distance of 28.5 km.
Ashoka Rock Edict
Yet another interesting fact about Dehradun is that the place was also under the rule of the Mauryan Empire, traces of which can be found at Kalsi, a tehsil in Dehradun district, about 44 Km from Dehradun city.
It is well known that Samrat Ashok after walking through a battlefield was so overcome with guilt and grief that he converted to the Buddhist faith and realized that material conquest has no gain. The only thing worth conquering is self.
He then set about the moral elevation of his people and put several rock edicts over the length and breadth of his kingdom.
One of these edicts, a huge boulder, sits 44 km away from Dehradun at Kalsi. Engraved on the Boulders are king Ashoka’s Decrees of Dharma.
Why visit Ashokan Rock Edicts?
Great historical Significance
Location of Ashoka’s rock edicts.
- The rock edict site is located at a distance of about 44 km from Dehradun and 43 km from Chakrata.
- The nearest Railway station to the Ashoka Rock Edict is the Dehradun Railway Station, at a distance of about 43 Km.
- The nearest Airport to the Ashoka Rock Edict is the Jollygrant airport, at a distance of 72 km.
Jagatram- Horse Sacrifice
Another Six centuries after the Buddha, in the third century AD, king Silavarman performed the Ashwamedh Yagya, or the horse sacrifice, making the unchallenged accession to power.
Excavations at Jagatram, near Kalsi, reveal that this was the site of the elaborate ritual. The burnt brick altar’s remains were brought to light by the archaeological department’s excavations from 1952 to 1954.
The site is a nationally protected monument under the archaeological survey of India.
Why visit Jagatram?
Great historical Significance
Location of Jagatram
Jagatram is located at a distance of 6 km from Vikasnagar on the National Highway 123. The site is well connected with motorable roads and you can reach there by public transport like bus or shared taxis from Dehradun and Chakrata.
- The nearest Railway station to Jagatram is the Dehradun Railway Station, at a distance of about 46 Km.
- The nearest Airport to Jagatram is the Jollygrant airport, at a distance of 73 km.